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Why the EU has not but been in a position to impose sanctions in opposition to Minsk | Belarus and Belarusians: information and analytics | DW


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In the EU’s political management, everybody agrees that sanctions in opposition to Belarusian officers answerable for falsifying election outcomes and repressing protesters are crucial. And but, the European Union has not been in a position to make a remaining resolution on their introduction for a number of weeks already. Another try to unblock this course of in Brussels was made on September 21 by the international ministers.

Cyprus blocks sanctions in opposition to Belarus

After their assembly, EU High Representative for Foreign Policy Josep Borrell confirmed the stories that there might be no sanctions in opposition to Minsk once more that day. “The ministers mentioned the sanctions. And though there’s a clear will to undertake them, it turned out to be inconceivable to take action at this time,” Borrell stated.

Josep Borrell solutions journalists’ questions on September 21

At first, he didn’t wish to affirm what many media shops wrote about, together with DW – the sanctions in opposition to Belarus are being blocked by Cyprus, which, in trade for his or her consent, is searching for the introduction of sanctions by the European Union in opposition to Turkey for its exploration of gasoline within the disputed waters of the jap Mediterranean. The motive for such restraint by Borrell and different EU officers is that it isn’t customary in Brussels to publicize the difficulties that come up when making sharp political selections.

Answering a query from a DW correspondent, Borrell even famous that the approval of sanctions was not on the agenda on Monday, as a result of on Friday the ambassadors of the EU nations couldn’t attain unanimity. But he added that following the “political dialogue”, the international ministers of all EU nations assist the introduction of restrictive measures.

And solely after the query of why Cyprus is accused of blocking sanctions, Borrell began speaking. “I didn’t blame Cyprus for something! .. You can name it what you need: blocking or lack of consent. But the very fact stays: we’d like unanimity, and for it we lack one nation. And this nation is Cyprus”, – acknowledged Borrell. He added that Cyprus isn’t in opposition to sanctions in opposition to Belarus, however is able to give its consent to them solely with the simultaneous introduction of sanctions in opposition to Turkey.

As you already know, sanctions within the EU are launched solely with the consent of all member states. This downside might be solved by a transition to the adoption of such a call by a certified majority, as prompt by the President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen in her message “On the scenario within the European Union.” However, the identical initiative was not put into observe two years in the past.

EU summit to resolve sanctions in opposition to Belarus

Now the difficulty of sanctions in opposition to Belarusian officers has reached the very best stage within the EU – will probably be thought of by the heads of state and authorities of the nations of the union, Borrell stated. The EU summit will happen on September 24-25. If it’s potential to agree on it, then the formal resolution on sanctions will then be made by the EU Council.

Borrell stated he hoped the summit would be capable to resolve this “high-tension political downside.” “I will do everything I can for the next Foreign Affairs Council to approve sanctions against Belarus. This is already a personal matter for me,” Borrell stated. He defined that the EU’s status depends upon whether or not these sanctions are imposed. “Be affected person. I’m positive we can do that after a political resolution is made on the EU summit,” he assured.

Borrell in contrast Lukashenko to Maduro

The arrival of ex-presidential candidate Svetlana Tikhanovskaya to Brussels didn’t assist the choice on sanctions. During her go to, she spoke to Borrell and the ministers over breakfast on the sidelines of the EU Council. According to a DW supply within the EU buildings, 25 out of 27 international ministers took half within the assembly – two couldn’t come “for goal causes.”

Svetlana Tikhanovskaya at a meeting with the Foreign Ministers in Brussels on September 21

Svetlana Tikhanovskaya at a gathering with the Foreign Ministers in Brussels on September 21

However, Brussels reacted instantly to another requests of Svetlana Tikhanovskaya. In specific, Borrell stated that the international ministers of the EU nations “don’t acknowledge the legitimacy of Lukashenka following the outcomes of the elections,” which the EU considers to be falsified. But what does this imply in observe?

Answering this query from a DW correspondent, Borrell in contrast Lukashenko to Nicholas Maduro, whose re-election as President of Venezuela in 2018 was additionally not acknowledged by the European Union. “But non-recognition of democratic legitimacy does not mean that we do not recognize reality. There is Lukashenka in Belarus, as well as Maduro in Venezuela. Both control the government in their countries,” added the pinnacle of EU diplomacy.

According to him, in observe Brussels will decrease the extent of relations with Minsk. The European Commission and the EU’s international service are already engaged on such a revision, which can come into power from the second Lukashenka takes workplace “because of rigged elections.” In specific, this can have implications for Belarus’ participation within the Eastern Partnership. Recall {that a} summit of this initiative is scheduled for March 2021, at which the leaders of the 27 EU states and 6 post-Soviet nations want to work out new sensible duties for the Eastern Partnership. At the identical time, nobody plans to shut the embassies of the EU nations in Belarus, Borrell added.

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